Alcohol should be taken only in moderation. Current advice is less than 21 units per week for men and less than 14 units per week for women. 1 unit is equal to ½ pint of normal strength beer or lager, one small glass of wine or one single pub measure of spirits.
The anti-tetanus vaccination is recommended to be given every 10 years.
We would encourage all women to be “Breast Aware” and know the shape and feel of their own breasts. Routine taught examination is not necessary. We would urge any woman who feels there is a change in her breast/breasts to see the doctor.
Breast Screening / Mammograms
All women over the age of 50 will be eligible for a mammogram every three years to screen for breast cancer. You will receive your first appointment before your 53rd birthday.
It is recommended that sexually active women between the ages of 25 and 65 have a smear test every 3-5 years. The Health Authority will send you a reminder when your test is due.
Planning to Conceive
If you are considering having a baby and have had no problems with previous pregnancies you should take 400micrograms of Folic Acid daily before trying to conceive and continue this until your 12th week of pregnancy.
The symptoms of the menopause can be distressing and disrupting. Please make an appointment to talk to one of the Doctors if you would like to discuss the options available for alleviating these symptoms.
All women of child bearing age should be immunised against Rubella (German Measles), this lessens the possibility of this infection affecting your pregnancy and the health of the developing baby.
General Dietary Advice
Try to eat a balanced diet. Have 5 portions of fruit or vegetables a day and avoid fried or fatty foods or those containing large amounts of sugar. Use sweeteners as a sugar substitute. Try to avoid adding extra salt to your diet and increase the amount of fibre you eat. Take regular exercise.
Those patients with particular conditions will need regular check-ups. For everyone between the ages of 18 and 75 we would advice a routine check up every 3 years especially if there is a family history of diabetes, glaucoma, cataracts, or high blood pressure, stroke or heart attacks occurring before the age of 55. For patients aged over 75 we would recommend yearly check –ups.
Using condoms can help prevent the spread of AIDS and HIV as well as other sexually transmitted diseases.
Check your testicles regularly for lumps. Should you have any cause for concern make an appointment to see the Doctor.
Should you have difficulty in holding or passing urine, pass more urine than usual or pass urine more frequently you should report these symptoms to your doctor.
Smoking is dangerous and bad for your health. Smoking has many consequences for your health, including the following list:
- Increased risk of cancer of the mouth, tongue, throat, lungs and stomach.
- Raised blood pressure so increasing the risk of strokes and heart disease.
- Chest problems such as chronic cough, catarrh and phlegm, increased number of chest infections, pneumonia, breathlessness and emphysema.
- Problems with circulation leading to angina, diseases of the legs causing pain and gangrene of the feet and toes and impotence.
- Irritation of the stomach causing indigestion, poor appetite, ulcers and stomach cancer.
- Loss of vision.
- Inability to taste.
There are substantial risks to others who do not smoke from inhaling the smoke from other people (“passive smoking”). This includes you children, family and friends.
Should you wish to give up smoking you can discuss the various options with the doctors / nurses and / or contact one of the support services.
Please ask at reception for advice on vaccinations and medications you may require before any foreign travel. Your local pharmacist may also be able to give you advice. Ensure you arrange everything in plenty of time.